Tuesday, August 17, 2010

ESL Lessons - Listening and Speaking Activities - Classwork and Homework

I was going through some old files and came across a handout I prepared for an ESL training I conducted in Hualien, Taiwan on Listening and Speaking activities. On the handout, I included different ESL lessons, activities and exercises that can be used both in class and for homework. I've included the table below:

Listening and Speaking Skills and Activities
Activity Types
Listen for:
  • the main idea
  • details
  • vocabulary in cloze activity
Classmates’ presentations:
  • take notes
  • selective listening
  • Activities on the chalkboard
Listen to English:
  • TV programs, the news, movies
  • radio, English songs
  • internet (i.e. radio stations, NPR)
Communicate in English:
  • Talk to native speakers, other English-speakers, classmates
Group work/Pair work:
  • Generate interview questions; interview classmates
Flashcards (vocabulary words, pictures of vocabulary words)
  • Categorize
  • Identify
  • Pronunciation practice
  • Games
Student presentations in class
Talk to native speakers:
  • Interview
  • Survey
  • Narrate/share experience
  • Picture prompts
  • Internet
  • Categorize by topic, parts of speech, etc.
  • Identify words you know and don’t know
  • Cloze
  • Categorize
  • Matching
  • Identify words you know and don’t know
Pronunciation points taken from context of listening activities:
  • Explicitly identify in listening samples
  • Explicitly integrate into speaking practice
  • Flashcards
Integrated into:
  • Speaking activities
  • Listening activities
Grammar points taken from context of phrases learned:
  • Explicitly identify in listening samples
  • Explicitly integrate into speaking practice
Phrasal verbs and idioms
Integrated into:
  • Vocabulary worksheets
  • Speaking activities
  • Listening activities
Phrasal verbs and idioms

In the presentation, I also presented a "process" or routine that could be followed in a listening/speaking lesson. The process in skeletal form is listed below:
1. Introduce the topic (such as "introducing yourself")
2. State the objectives
3. Provide listening practice (via sound/video recordings or in-class lecture/presentation)
4. Vocabulary/Phrases practice
5. Grammar review
6. Targeted pronunciation practice
7. Speaking practice (applying the skills just learned in a real-life context)
8. Listening review
9. Assign and discuss homework: vocabulary, speaking, and listening practice

Of course, this process can be adapted to meet the individual needs of students and teachers, but the process demonstrates the need to integrate the teaching of vocabulary and phrases, grammar, and pronunciation in an ESL listening/speaking lessons.

1 comment:

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